Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845), Also called “Old Hickory,” was the son of Irish immigrants and was a soldier, lawyer, and legislator elected seven-time president of the United States. He was referred to as the”first “citizen-president,” Jackson was the first non-elite person to hold the presidency.
The following are the ten most important facts essential to understanding how Andrew Jackson was a president and the history of Andrew Jackson.
Battle of New Orleans
The battle took place in May of 1814. in the War of 1812, Andrew Jackson was named Major General of the U.S. Army. On January. 8th, 1815, Jackson was defeated by his fellow British during the Battle of New Orleans and was recognized as a hero. His troops faced the invader’s British troops while attempting to seize New Orleans city. Orleans. The battle is considered one of the country’s biggest victories during the war. Today, the battlefield itself, located outside the city, is an enormous swampy field.
It is interesting to note that The Treaty of Ghent ending the War of 1812 was signed in December. 24 1814, which was two weeks before the Battle of New Orleans. It was not accepted until February. 16, 1815, and the news was not made available to those in the army of Louisiana until after the month ended.
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“Corrupt Bargain” as well as the election of 1824.
Jackson was elected president in the year 1824, versus John Quincy Adams. Although Adams won the popular election since there was no electoral majority, the presidential election outcome was up for the House of Representatives to determine. The House elected John Quincy Adams as president as a condition for Henry Clay becoming secretary of state. This move became well-known to historians and the public in “The corrupt bargain.” The repercussions of this decision could lead to Jackson’s election in 1828. The scandal also split the Democratic-Republican Party in two.
The 1828 election, along with the Common Man
In the wake of the aftermath of the 1824 election, Jackson was renominated to run in 1825. This was three years before the next election, which was to be held in 1828. In 1828 the party he was a part of became popularly known as the Democrats. The battle against President John Quincy Adams began to be less about matters and much more focused on the candidate. Jackson was elected as the seventh president of the United States with 54 percent of the vote of popular support and 261 elective votes. The president’s election was seen as a victory for the ordinary man.
Sectional Conflict and Nullification
Jackson’s presidency was a period of increasing tensions between sections and many southerners fighting an ever-strong federal government. In 1832, after Jackson signed an agreement to impose a moderate tariff, South Carolina decided that by “nullification” (the conviction that a state can decide to enforce something not constitutional), the state could evade the law. Jackson declared that he was planning to employ the military to apply the tariff. To achieve a compromise, it was decided to enact a new tariff adopted in 1833 to alleviate sectional problems.
Andrew Jackson’s Marriage Scandal
Before his presidency, Jackson married a woman named Rachel Donelson in 1791. Rachel thought that she was legally divorced from her first marriage. However, this proved to be incorrect. Following the wedding, Rachel’s first husband accused Rachel of adultery. Jackson was then forced to be patient until 1794 to marry Rachel legally. The wedding was delayed until the 1828 presidential election and caused the couple much anxiety.
Rachel died within two months of his taking office. Jackson blamed personal stress as well as personal assaults.
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Utilization of Vetoes
The first president to fully embrace presidential power, President Jackson was the first president to veto greater bills than prior presidents. The Veto was used 12 times in his two terms as president. The year 1832 was the first time he used his Veto to stop the charging for the Second Bank of the United States.
Jackson was the president who could truly rely on an informal team of advisors to make policies rather than the “real Cabinet.” A shadow cabinet like that was not backed by its members’ congressional nomination or approval procedures. It is often referred to as the ” Kitchen Cabinet.” A lot of these advisers were acquaintances from Tennessee or editors of newspapers.
In 1832, when Jackson ran for another election 1832, his critics labeled the president “King Andrew I” due to his use of the Veto as well as the implementation of what they referred to as”the ” spoils system.” Jackson was adamant about rewarding people who believed in him. And, more than any other president before him, Jackson removed his political adversaries from the federal sphere to be replaced by loyal supporters and cronies.
The year was 1832. Jackson rejected the extension of the Second Bank of the United States and claimed that the bank was in violation of the Constitution and that it favors the rich over the poor. Jackson further removed the government’s money from this bank and transferred it to state-owned banks. But, the state banks were not following strict lending standards, and their loans made without restriction caused inflation. Jackson ordered that all land purchases be made with silver or gold to counter the issue. This could have ramifications that led to the Panic of 1837.
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Indian Removal Act
Jackson believed in Georgia’s rights to forcibly remove Indians from their land and relocate them into reservations within the West. He signed the Indian Removal Act, which the Senate approved in 1830. Jackson employed it to remove Indigenous people from their land forcibly.
Jackson did this despite being aware that Supreme Court had ruled in Worcester v. Georgia (1832) that tribes of the Indians could not be forced into moving. Jackson’s Indian Removal Act led directly to the Trail of Tears between 1838 and 1839. U.S. troops led more than 15,000 Cherokees from Georgia to reservations in Oklahoma. There is a possibility that around 4,500 indigenous people suffered fatal injuries during the marches.