Schizophrenia (a serious mental illness) is when a person loses touch with reality (psychosis). Schizophrenia is a mental illness in which a person may experience hallucinations or see or hear things that don’t exist.
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Facts About Schizophrenia
- Schizophrenia can cause more than just odd or unusual behavior. It can also prevent people from leading a normal lifestyle.
- People experience problems at work, with their relationships with others, and in taking care of themselves.
- People who are suffering from schizophrenia may lose their jobs, become disconnected from family and friends, or even become homeless if they don’t get treatment.
- Schizophrenia is a condition that usually begins in the mid-20s for males and later for females. Childhood Schizophrenia is uncommon.
- Schizophrenia is a common condition in families. It’s more common if a parent or brother has schizophrenia.
- Talking with a psychiatrist and antipsychotic medications are some of the options. Support from family members and friends is also available.
- Regularly taking medicines helps with symptoms and function.
What causes schizophrenia?
According to doctors, schizophrenia can be caused by an issue with the brain’s development.
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Doctors do not know the exact cause of the brain problem. Schizophrenia is more common if:
- It can also be passed on to family members.
- A person was born with certain medical conditions, such as an infection, low oxygen intake, or being underweight.
Schizophrenia doesn’t necessarily result from poor parenting or a difficult childhood. Stressful or bad situations can trigger schizophrenia.
What are the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia can appear suddenly (in a few weeks or days) or slowly over several years.
Schizophrenia patients often suffer from:
Delusions are false beliefs. Delusions in schizophrenia don’t look like normal mistaken ideas. Many people believe things others don’t believe are true. Schizophrenia is a condition in which people believe certain things, even when there’s strong evidence that they are wrong or simply unrealistic. People may believe, for example:
- These are the passages from books, newspapers, or song lyrics that talk about them.
- Others can read what they think, and their thoughts may be transmitted to others.
- They are looking to take them away!
- They are famous people like Jesus or the president.
Hallucinations refer to the perception of hearing, seeing, tasting, or feeling things that aren’t there. The most common form of hallucination is hears voices. These voices can often speak mean things about the person or give orders.
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The following symptoms are also indicative of schizophrenia:
- Expressing little to no emotion
- Talking very little and answering questions in 1 or 2 words
- Indifference to activities
- Inadequacy in maintaining relationships with others
- Rambling speech
- Trouble paying attention to or remembering things
Schizophrenia can be more than unusual behavior and thinking. Schizophrenia can cause severe symptoms that can lead to problems at home, at work, or with others.
Around 1 in 5 schizophrenia sufferers attempt to kill themselves. Many others have considered it.
People with schizophrenia might have some emotional outbursts that can sometimes seem frightening, but they are only slightly more likely than others to become violent.
How can doctors determine if someone has schizophrenia?
There is no test to diagnose schizophrenia. The symptoms of schizophrenia are what doctors use to diagnose it. These symptoms must be:
- Present for at most six months
- Problems in relationships, school, and work
Doctors may also check other medical and drug problems to determine if the behavior is a result of other conditions.
How do doctors treat schizophrenia?
A person’s survival chances are better if they start treatment sooner than later. There are many treatments available:
- Treatments for symptoms with medicines
- Regularly speaking with a psychiatrist
- Support programs and rehab to help people shop, work, manage their household and get along well with others
- Counseling to help with schizophrenia understanding and coping
- Sometimes, hospital treatment is necessary.